How blockchain could affect the transportation industry

Aug 28, 2018

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Everyone has been talking about blockchain technology lately. The topic has made headlines around the world. We’ve been hearing about this innovative technology that could literally revolutionize how we do business. What does it mean, in concrete terms, for the transportation industry? How could blockchain affect operations? Before we look at the possible impact this technology could have, let’s see what it actually is.

What is blockchain?

It’s a basic question, but one that will help us get a better grasp of blockchain technology application. In essence, it is a way of storing information. Blockchain is often compared to a large, incorruptible ledger of economic transactions. It is a series of interconnected blocks of information, with each block holding a single transaction. What makes the blockchain so unique is its high level of security. The entire set of linked blocks forms a register, or blockchain. These registers are reliable, secure, transparent, and accessible.

What makes blockchain secure?

A blockchain is, in a manner of speaking, the DNA of data. Altering or editing information is very difficult. Once an operation is included in a block, it is permanently recorded. Every block is time-stamped, which makes it possible to prove the existence of records at any given point in time. Blockchain follows a chronological sequence. When there is new information, the link to preceding blocks is retained, and copies are kept in all participating systems. These multiple copies make the information failure-resistant. When a block is altered, it disconnects the chain, affecting every other block.

How could blockchain affect the transportation industry?

The implementation of blockchain is on the horizon, but we still have several years to go before it becomes an integral part of our daily operations. However, once the technology is adopted and standardized, it will affect the transportation industry in various ways. The following scenario describes the impact of blockchain on trucking.

  1. Carriers and original equipment manufacturers connect trucks to a permissioned blockchain network.
  2. Carriers solicit freight from 3PL (third-party logistics) providers and shippers connected to the blockchain network.
  3. Once the carrier has a truck available, the network matches up the shipper’s load based on the electronic logging device that provides the driver’s available hours of service.
  4. A reference price is used to determine how much the shipper will pay for the shipment.
  5. A smart contract listing the price, fuel, and incidental costs is generated and sent to the carrier.
  6. The carrier accepts the contract terms. The truck takes the road.
  7. Thanks to the blockchain and transactions, the shipper can track every event related to the shipment.
  8. Once the load is delivered, proof of delivery is provided. The invoice is sent and the bank pays the carrier immediately.

Blockchain could increase transparency and efficiency among stakeholders throughout the supply chain. The technology would also reduce administrative work and exception management.

To learn more about blockchain, click to watch the conference presented by expert Daniel Pickett at a Lunch and Learn event organized by ISAAC.

Sources: Document: Technological Disruption of Capital Markets and Reporting?: An Introduction to Blockchain, CPA Canada
Photo credit: Blockchain in Transport Alliance (BiTA)

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