Understanding Texas Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations

Feb 28, 2023


Texas HOS regulations are a bit different from federal rules because the state opted to adapt to the realities of Texan drivers. Texas is the second-largest U.S. state in vehicle miles traveled per year, with trucks accounting for 12% of the miles. The state has the largest highway and interstate networks in the U.S., with 66,000 transportation companies domiciled within Texan borders. A total of 185,000 truck drivers work in Texas, with the industry employing one out of every 16 Texans.

These statistics show that a large volume of freight is transported around the state, including deliveries solely within the state of Texas. However, when drivers make trips outside the state, they must comply with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) HOS regulations.

The consequences of non-compliance can be severe, so everyone in your fleet must have a clear understanding of how Texas HOS regulations work. Carriers can reduce risk and make life easier for their drivers by clearly outlining rules and providing support for complex compliance scenarios.

Download guide – Choosing the Right ELD Solution

What are the Texas hours of service regulations?

Texas hours of service rules apply to fleets operating strictly within Texan borders. Drivers operating in the state must follow Texas intrastate HOS rules or risk being pulled off the road. In a worst-case scenario, carriers risk nuclear verdicts if a non-compliant driver becomes involved in a fatal crash.

Overview of Texas HOS rules:

  • Drivers require 8 consecutive hours of off-duty time before beginning a shift
  • After 8 hours off duty, drivers can be on duty for a maximum of 15 consecutive hours
  • Drivers can drive 12 hours
  • In a 7-day span, drivers can be on duty for a maximum of 70 hours
  • Drivers must take 34 consecutive hours of rest to reset their cycle

How Texas truck drivers can use the sleeper berth provision

The sleeper berth provision allows drivers to split a mandatory 8-hour rest period into two smaller rest periods. If an unexpected delay occurs, this gives drivers with a compliant sleeper berth more options to ensure on-time delivery while complying with Texas HOS rules. Here’s how the sleeper berth provision works:

  • The two smaller rest periods must total 8 hours
  • The short rest period must be a minimum of 2 consecutive hours
  • Both rest periods need to be sleeper berth status
  • Total driving time before and after each sleeper berth rest period cannot exceed 12 hours
  • The on-duty time in the period immediately before and after each rest period in the sleeper berth, when added together, must not include any driving time after the 15th hour
  • Drivers may reset the shift hours by taking at least 8 consecutive hours spent in off-duty, sleeper berth, or a combination of both

Pitfalls to avoid—Texas vs Federal regulations

Federal rules take precedence over state rules, so drivers leaving Texas state must be prepared to comply with the HOS regulations outlined by the FMCSA. When Texan drivers return to their home state, they can go back to Texas regulations. One of the main differences between federal HOS rules and Texas HOS regulations is that Texas rules are more permissive in terms of giving drivers more driving and on-duty time.

Overview of FMCSA HOS rules for property-carrying drivers

  • 10 consecutive hours of off-duty time are required before beginning a shift
  • Drivers are allowed to 14 hours of on-duty time
  • Drivers are allowed to drive for 11 hours
  • 30-minute breaks are required after 8 accumulated hours of driving
  • Drivers can be on duty for a maximum of 70 hours in 8 days
  • After reaching the 70-hour limit, 34 consecutive hours of rest are required to reset the cycle

After leaving Texas, drivers must consider longer off-duty time, required breaks, and shorter on-duty and driving time limits over an 8-day period. If drivers return to Texas, they can choose to change their zone of operation to Texas regulations without having to reset their cycle. However, in order to switch from Texas to Federal regulations, drivers must first complete 34 consecutive hours of rest to reset the cycle in order to change operating zones.

Enhanced management of HOS rules

Complying with different HOS regulations and provisions while ensuring on-time delivery can be a complex undertaking. Managing HOS and other regulatory requirements with in-cab tech such as the ISAAC solution greatly reduces the risk of non-compliance. Drivers can rely on the solution to automatically track hours and simplify compliance for both intrastate and interstate trips.

A misunderstanding of how the rules work, or even a simple error in HOS tracking, could result in unintentional non-compliance. Regardless of intention, the consequences of failing to comply can be severe, making compliance mission-critical for carriers.

Download guide – Choosing the Right ELD Solution

About the author

Véronique Poirier

Compliance Support Specialist, ISAAC

Véronique Poirier is Compliance Support Specialist at ISAAC. She has been working in the transportation industry for the past ten years, during which she has served as a compliance officer. Curious and persistent by nature, Véronique has extensive experience in the world of over-dimensional transportation.

Time to move forward with managed technology

Recent blog articles

2023: What Cybersecurity Priorities Should You Set?

by | Feb 28, 2023 | Cybersecurity | 0 Comments

When crafting a cybersecurity plan, organizations should consider their goals, IT maturity level, and current capabilities.

Understanding Texas Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations

by | Feb 28, 2023 | Compliance | 0 Comments

Carriers in Texas must comply with Texas HOS rules and federal HOS rules when on interstate trips. In-cab tech can help to simplify complex HOS scenarios.

Reduce Costs with Preventive Fleet Maintenance

by | Feb 2, 2023 | Cost savings | 0 Comments

Carriers who implement preventive fleet maintenance reduce costs and prevent minor problems from turning into major breakdowns on the road.

How Fleets Work with Drivers to Save Fuel

by | Jan 25, 2023 | Cost savings | 0 Comments

Fleets can mitigate the impact of rising fuel prices by collaborating with drivers and creating an incentive program that rewards fuel efficiency.

Prevent Wheel-off Problems with Smart Wheel Retorquing

by | Nov 11, 2022 | Safety | 0 Comments

Wheel-off incidents can be catastrophic. Fleets can prevent these accidents with smart wheel retorquing management.

Canadian ELD Mandate—How Fleets Can Quickly Adapt

by | Nov 10, 2022 | Compliance,Industry | 0 Comments

Canada’s ELD mandate will be enforced on January 1, 2023. Fleets that haven’t transitioned can quickly adapt for compliance.

How Fleets Cut Turnover During Truck Driver Shortages

by | Oct 26, 2022 | Best practices,Industry | 0 Comments

Fleets mitigate the impact of driver shortages by focusing on driver retention and satisfaction with driver-friendly tech.

Guide to US Agricultural Exemption for Hours of Service (HOS)

by | Oct 11, 2022 | Compliance | 0 Comments

Fleets that transport agricultural products and livestock can benefit from the US agricultural exemption for HOS

Does Your Fleet Know How to Respond to a Cyberattack?

by | Oct 11, 2022 | Cybersecurity,Industry | 0 Comments

Companies that respond well to cyberattacks reduce losses and ensure business continuity. Learn how fleets can defend themselves against attacks.

See the ISAAC solution in action

We’ll help you bring out the best in your team.



Fleet Benefits

Solve major trucking challenges

Driver Happiness

Simplify the life of your drivers

ELD Reliability

Benefit from reliable technology

Cost Savings

Save money in various ways

Safety and Compliance

Ensure safe and compliant operations

Client Journey

Expect outstanding service as a client

Solution Innovation

Future proof your technology

Client Success

Get inspired by real-life examples


Game-Changing Features

Give your fleet an extra edge

Built for Trucking

Equip your fleet with durable tools

Predictive Workflow

Guide drivers with a simple workflow

Smart Compliance

Make compliance simple

Real-time Coaching

Achieve greater fuel efficiency

Remote Tablet Control

Enable effective teamwork

ELD and Fleet Telematics

Discover a built-for-trucking solution

Fleet Management Portal

Centralized portal for your office team

Driver-Friendly App

Versatile and user-friendly tool

Communication Gateway

Keep your team and drivers connected

Connected Cameras

Enhance safety, protect reputations

Open Platform

Get the most of your technology

Latest Innovations

Choose an innovation-driven partner


Read about a variety of trucking topics


Get inspired with in-depth reads


Watch our solution in action


Learn from industry experts

Tech Support

Get timely technical support

FAQ About ELDs in Canada

Find detailed compliance information
Don't Miss


Come meet us across North America


Read trucking and technology news

Our Team

Meet our team's leaders

Information Security

Review our security framework


Our involvement in the trucking industry


Sustainable trucking solution

Contact us

Ask us anything, we're happy to help
Join Us

Available Positions

Join a team renown for its culture!

Awards and Recognition

Testimony to our winning culture


Check out life at ISAAC

Our Values

See what drives us every day

Perks and Benefits

Find a healthy work-life balance